In this article, Dr. Sandeep Nayak, a Leading Oncologist in India, talks about “What is Ovarian Cancer and what are the symptoms, causes, and risks involved in it?”

Dr. Sandeep Nayak is a surgical oncologist who is considered to be one of the best in India. In addition to being the founder and chief of Surgical Oncology at MACS Clinic in Bangalore, he is also the director of the clinic’s minimally invasive cancer surgery program, which includes robotic, laparoscopic, and endoscopic procedures.

Ovarian cancer is a tumor that develops in the ovaries as a result of cell proliferation. The cells reproduce rapidly and have the ability to penetrate and destroy healthy body tissue.

The female reproductive system is comprised of two ovaries, one on either side of the uterus, which is connected by a tube. Surgery and chemotherapy are typically used in the treatment of ovarian cancer says Dr. Sandeep Nayak a Premium Oncologist in India.


At the beginning of its development, ovarian cancer may not manifest itself with any visible symptoms. When ovarian cancer symptoms manifest themselves, they are frequently mistaken for those of other, more common disorders.

Dr. Sandeep Nayak is also mentioned in some of the top sites like Practo,Clinicspots, Lybrate as one of the top Oncologists in India.

The following are examples of signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer:

  • Bloating or swelling in the abdomen
  • When you eat, you quickly become full
  • Loss of weight
  • Pelvic discomfort is a common complaint
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain is a common occurrence
  • Constipation and other changes in bowel habits are examples of this
  • Having a constant need to urinate


India-based Dr. Sandeep Nayak, one of the top Oncologists notes that Although it is not known what causes ovarian cancer, doctors have identified a number of factors that can raise the risk of developing the disease.

Doctors understand that ovarian cancer originates when cells in or near the ovaries undergo genetic changes (mutations) that cause the cells to divide abnormally. The DNA of a cell includes the instructions that guide the cell on what to do. The mutations instruct the cells to expand and multiply rapidly, resulting in the formation of a mass (tumor) of cancer cells.

When healthy cells would perish, malignant cells would be able to continue living. During their invasion of neighboring tissues, they can break away from the primary tumor and spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body.

Ovarian cancer can manifest itself in a variety of ways

Depending on the type of cell in which cancer develops, the type of ovarian cancer you have can be determined, and this information can be used to assist your doctor to find which treatment is best for you. The following are the several forms of ovarian cancer:

Ovarian epithelial cancer is a kind of ovarian cancer

This is the most prevalent sort of cancer. It has various subtypes, the most notable of which are serous carcinoma and mucinous carcinoma.

Tumors of the stroma

Most of the time, these unusual tumors are discovered at an earlier stage than other types of ovarian cancer.

Tumors of the germ cells

These rare ovarian malignancies are more common in women under the age of 50.

Factors that increase risk

The following are some of the factors that can raise your risk of ovarian cancer:

A person of older age

As you become older, your risk of developing ovarian cancer increases. Elderly people are the ones who are most commonly diagnosed with it.

Gene alterations that are passed down across generations

A small fraction of ovarian tumors are caused by genetic abnormalities passed down from one’s parents to their children. These genes are also associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.

A number of additional gene alterations have been identified as being associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer, including those associated with Lynch syndrome and the genes BRIP1, RAD51C, and RAD51D.

Ovarian cancer in the family is a possibility

In the event that you have blood relations and have been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, you may be at an elevated risk of developing the condition as well.

Hormone replacement therapy for women after menopause

It is possible that taking hormone replacement medication to control menopause symptoms will raise the risk of developing ovarian cancer.


When tissue that is identical to the tissue that lines the interior of your uterus grows outside of your uterus, this is known as endometriosis and it can be quite painful.

Menstruation began and terminated at different ages

Having your first period at a young age, going through menopause at a later age, or doing both may raise your risk of developing ovarian cancer opines Dr. Sandeep Nayak one of the best Oncologists in India.