Despite being relatively old Python remains one of the most popular programming languages among developers. Yet, Golang, which was released in 2009, is the main competitor for Python. Due to this a lot of developers hesitate between them. To determine the winner of this Golang vs Python battle we have to consider a lot of aspects. This article will be devoted to the Python language, its peculiarities, advantages, and disadvantages. If you are thinking about switching to it, just stay with us. This information will be entirely beneficial for all people working in the IT-sphere. So, here we go!

All you should know about Python

The development of the Python language began in the late 1980s. Amoeba, a distributed operating system, needed an extensible scripting language. To satisfy this requirement Guido van Rossum, the representative of the Dutch Institute, began the development of such a language in his spare time. 

 In 1991, he wrote the first code. Well, you may think that the name of this language is somehow connected with the snakes, but it isn’t so. The developer named it after the famous British comedy television show, that was popular in the seventies, Monty Python’s Flying Circus. 

 It is a scripting language used for solving a wide range of tasks. Python is frequently applied for working with big data, developing websites, and mobile games. It is also suitable for creating desktop and mobile applications.  

 Among distinct features of Python is that it is a general-purpose language of dynamic type. It offers automated memory management and can meet even the most sophisticated requirements. Developers opt for this language to develop advanced IT products powered by artificial intelligence, machine learning, or the Internet of Things. Python is universal. It is suitable for developing products for various platforms including iOS, Android, Windows, Linux, etc.

random access memory

The advantages of the Python language

 The popularity of Python is explained by the fact that it provides numerous advantages to people that make use of it. Below you will find some major benefits you can gain by choosing this programming language.

  1. Easy to learn

 Simplicity is one of the greatest advantages offered by Python. It can boast of the transparent syntax that is easy to learn, write, read, and maintain. Due to this, it is a great option for beginners. Python is also popular among educational establishments. It is the first language students get acquainted with. However, it can satisfy the demands even of some large companies. 

2. Availability 

Python is an open-source language. It means that it is available for all Internet users. Anyone can download and make use of it for free. You can also share the code if needed.

3. Computer graphics

Python is mainly used for small and large online or offline projects and the development of a graphical user interface. This language is also used for building desktop applications.

4. Being an interpreted language

 Python is an innovative language that makes the lives of code writers easier. If a person makes use of it he doesn’t have to manage and memorize the system architecture. This programming language offers automatic memory management. Since Python transforms the written code into the language appropriate for the understanding by a processor it is frequently called an interpreter language.

5. Flexibility

Python is a very flexible programming language. It is capable of mixing with different other languages during the development process, forming new implementations. For example, CPython is a combination of Python with C. 

6. Dynamic language

 Python is a dynamic language. It allows you to define data types, parse, and compile directly at the stage of the program execution. To determine a data type you don’t have to do anything! The language will do it automatically instead of you. It makes the developers’ lives easier but can lead to runtime bugs.

Disadvantages of Python 

Despite offering so many advantages to its users, Python has a few disadvantages as well. To give you a deep understanding of this programming language, let’s consider some of them.

  1. Speed

 Among the main disadvantages of Python is its slowness. However, this feature is not so important for a scripting language. For solving tasks that require high-performance Python acts only as a wrapper for manipulating the API of low-level libraries. They are written in languages ​​with support for AOT compilation. The most popular of these languages ​​at the moment are, of course, C and C++. 

In such a way you won’t be able to develop something powerful in terms of performance with the help of Python. It may be possible only if the developer applies to other languages statically typed extensions, such as Cython. In general, such a speed limits the scope of the language application.

    2. Being a dynamic language

The fact that Python is a dynamic language can be viewed from two different sides. On the one hand, this feature is entirely beneficial for small projects. On the other hand, when it comes to the scaling of products there may be some problems. 

The code becomes more and more extensive and it becomes simply impossible to keep track of the data types transferred. Plus, this fact reduces the speed of the language itself.

  3. Mobile development

Mobile app development has become a new trend. Python is not the best option for building mobile platforms. Well, this language offers a package called Kivy. But why should a person use it when there are so many much better alternatives? For example, frameworks for cross-platform mobile development: React Native, Flutter, Iconic, and Cordova.

4. Memory issues

Another disadvantage of Python is its high memory consumption compared to other programming languages (again C or C++). Python data types are flexible, which incurs some higher overhead. 

Drawing conclusions   Python provides numerous advantages to businesses and enterprises. But before switching to this programming language make sure its disadvantages are acceptable for you. Python can be a great solution for multiple tasks, but only time will show whether it will dominate the market.