One of the most challenging aspects of maintaining and managing is body weight. You can tell this is a problem because there are many adults and children in the United States alone that are obese. The problem is that being overweight leads to other health concerns, such as high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, heart disease, etc.

If you fall into this category, you might have tried different weight management programs. The fat set point theory states that your body has a preset weight baseline already hardwired into your DNA.

There is still limited data on why weight fluctuations occur, and how much your weight can deviate from this set point. The approach also says that your body fights to remain within that range if you have a higher weight set point than others.

Is There a Set Point Regulating Your Body Weight?

According to some studies, the point of body weight becomes affected by different factors. However, the determining weight for most people comes from inherited traits and hormonal, environmental, psychological, and genetic elements.

Furthermore, it also depends on how much energy you burn compared to the calorie intake. Hence, the set point theory model relies on the concept of the genetic preset weight range controlled by your biological signals.

Your body has a regulatory system keeping it at a steady state set point or level. For instance, you have the hypothalamus in your brain that receives signals from your fat cells. Then, your leptin hormones regulate your hunger, while insulin triggers it at certain times.

Your metabolism keeps adjusting up or down based on different signals. So, according to the set point theory, your weight can go up or down temporarily, but it always returns to the usual set range to help weight maintenance.

Can Your Set Point Weight Change?

Maybe you have noticed sudden weight climbs exceeding a few pounds. Why does this happen? Researchers suggest that one reason for this is that your reactive signal system stops working.

With time, your insulin and leptin resistance starts developing, resulting in weight gain. But other factors also contribute to weight gain as your average body set point keeps adjusting upward. When you try to lose weight, your body keeps fighting against it and slows down your metabolism, limiting weight loss.

Another theory known as the settling point suggests that your weight becomes influenced by several factors. It all comes down to how you choose your food, biological traits and your energetic needs, as all these factors affect weight shifts. 

Evidence states that your weight is not based on one-dimensional aspects. Instead, it is based on a complex set of external and internal signals. Thus, it is a combination of biological and environmental factors.

How do you change your set point weight? The theory states you should strive to set your set point lower. However, you need to take it slow with your weight loss goals. Hence, you need to lose weight gradually to attain successful results over time.

Final Thoughts

Regarding the set point theory, we still need to understand how bodies shift weight. Scientists believe that your hormones, environment, and genetics play a part. At the moment, it is a concept researchers are continuously studying.

The fact is, you can find many reasons why you struggle to lose weight. However, with an effective weight loss program, you can balance what is essential for your needs. This includes eating a balanced diet and living an active lifestyle.