Pediatrics is a medical specialty that deals with the health and medical treatment of newborns, children, and adolescents from birth to the age of eighteen. Pediatrics is made up of two Greek words: (pais, which means “child”) and (iatros, which means “doctor or healer,” implying “child healer.” Pediatrics is a very new medical specialty, having just been established in the mid-nineteenth century. It entails the investigation of youngsters. Abraham Jacobi (1830–1919) is usually considered as pediatrics’ founding father.

On a daily basis, what does a Pediatrics do?

A pediatrician provides medical care to children who are acutely or chronically ill and preventive health services to children who are otherwise well. A pediatrician is responsible for the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of children under their care at all stages of development and in both disease and health.

There are many goals in pediatrics

The purpose of pediatrics is to reduce baby and child mortality, restrict the spread of infectious illness, promote healthy lifestyles that lead to a long life free of disease, and aid in easing the issues that children and adolescents with chronic disorders experience.

Pediatricians diagnose and treat a wide range of ailments in children, including:

  • injuries
  • infections
  • issues caused by congenital and hereditary factors
  • cancers
  • organ diseases and organ malfunction

While pediatricians are concerned with the immediate treatment of sick children, they are also worried about the long-term effects on quality of life, disability, and survival. Pediatricians deal with a wide range of difficulties in children, including the prevention, early detection, and treatment of the following:-

  • Mutations in the histone regulator protein have been linked to various cancers and unique neurodevelopmental abnormalities.
  • A simple diagnostic approach may accurately predict the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in children.
  • Delayed development and developmental illnesses
  • worries about their behaviour
  • Disabilities that limit one’s ability to function
  • the social environment’s stresses
  • Mental ailments such as depression and anxiety disorders are common.

It is recommended to collaborate with other professionals

Pediatrics is a collaborative medical specialty. Pediatricians must cooperate with other medical professionals, healthcare workers, and subspecialists in the area of pediatrics when it comes to assisting children with challenges.

What’s the difference between pediatric and medicine?

Pediatric medicine is different from adult medicine in a number of ways. Because of their smaller bodies, a baby, a neonate, or a child’s physiological composition varies greatly from that of an adult. As a consequence, caring for youngsters differs from caring for a little adult.

It’s reasonable that pediatricians are more concerned about congenital abnormalities, genetic variety, and developmental issues than adult-care providers. Furthermore, there are various legal issues that occur in the area of pediatrics. 


A pediatrician is first and foremost a medical school graduate with a specialty in pediatrics. After completing an authorized pediatric residency program that lasts three years, they are qualified to practice as a primary care doctor in their local community. During this time, they learn about a variety of topics, including newborn, child, adolescent, and young person care, among others.