The liver is a vital organ that is mainly responsible for metabolism activities, storing energy, and detoxification. Moreover, it is also responsible for filtering out harmful toxins and other waste out through the bloodstream.

Various harmful viruses, alcohol consumption, and exposure to harmful chemicals can seriously damage the liver.  The damage can result in liver failure, which hinders functioning. Since the Liver is the second largest organ and responsible for major functioning in the body, the person showing symptoms can seek immediate help from Hepatologist in Lahore.

What are the Symptoms of Liver Failure?

The symptoms of Liver Failure may differ from person to person depending on the cause.

The general symptoms of Liver Failure include jaundice or paleness in skin color, relatively dark color of urine, blood in stool, diarrhea, nausea, recurrent episodes of fatigue and itchiness, decrease in appetite or weight loss, and easily getting bruises. Moreover, the symptoms may include edema and ascites, which refer to the building of fluid in the lower abdomen and legs.

 What are the causes of Acute Liver Failure?

Acute Liver Failure is also known as fulminant liver failure, which can occur in a short period or even if the person does not have any known liver disease. The main reasons known for acute Liver failure are:

  • Overdose of the drug known as Acetaminophen 
  • Excess intake of herbal supplements
  • Use of certain prescribed medicines
  • Viruses; Specifically, Hepatitis A, B, and C
  • Autoimmune Disease
  • Harmful toxins in the body
  • Genetically passed down abnormal genes from parents 

What are the causes of Chronic Liver Failure?

Chronic Liver failure is a slower process caused mainly due to cirrhosis. It is also known as ARLD, in which the person consumes an excess intake of alcohol. Excessive drinking causes the liver to function slower, resulting in swelling in the liver, due to inflammation.

Another reason is Hepatitis C, the blood in infected leading to liver failure. Needle sharing, tattoos, and piercing are responsible for Hepatitis C, eventually damaging the Liver.

How to diagnose Liver Failure?

The diagnosis is made by the specialist by looking into genetic abnormalities, history of alcohol consumption, or any other medical conditions that correlate and contribute to liver failure.

The blood tests can detect any abnormalities that may correlate with liver functioning and its failure. Also, a biopsy is the most common test used to identify any liver-related problems. The biopsy refers to extracting and examining a small part of the liver.

 How to prevent yourself from liver/ hepatic failure?

It is impossible to reduce the chances of catching liver diseases leading to failure in functioning by:

  • Reducing or eliminating alcohol consumption
  • Getting vaccinated for Hepatitis
  • Never sharing needles.
  • Use products to save skin from harmful chemicals in the environment

What is the known treatment for Liver failure?

 People showing any symptoms should seek immediate help from a Hepatologist in Islamabad. The treatment depends on the cause and current condition of the liver. Medicines to reverse the reaction, surgery to remove the damaged part, and liver transplant if the damage is severe, are the known treatments. However, if a healthy liver is damaged and diagnosed at an early stage, research shows it can grow back.