An autoimmune condition that affects the use of blood glucose (sugar) levels in the body is known as diabetes. Usually, symptoms of diabetes are often referred as diabetes mellitus.

In easy words, it is a condition, affects the body’s ability to produce and use insulin. When untreated, diabetes can cause damage to the eyes, nerves, kidneys, and other organs. Here are the symptoms you just need to look out for –

What are the symptoms of Diabetes?

More often, there are no symptoms seen. In case they occur you may notice these common symptoms include –

  • Frequent urination
  • Being thirsty
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Increase in hunger
  • Blurry vision
  • Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
  • Fatigue
  • Dry skin
  • Sores that heal slowly
  • Having more infections than usual – Gums, skin, vaginal

Frequent urination

  • People with diabetes face problems in insulin creation.
  • Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas to use sugar in energy form.
  • While too much level of sugar in the blood causes damage to the kidney.
  • Damage to the kidney leads to the elimination of glucose and other hydrating fluids through urine.
  • Due to this process, it also dehydrates the patient’s body.

Being thirsty

  • People with high blood sugar levels have frequent urination.
  • Due to high blood sugar levels, the excessive workload on kidneys flushes out important fluids leads to dehydration.

Unexplained weight loss

  • Low insulin levels along with an inability to absorb sugar from the blood cause rapid weight loss in diabetic people. Read more about diabetes and weight loss.

Increase in hunger

  • People with diabetes have increased hunger due to high and lows blood sugar levels.

Blurry vision

  • There are many reasons including excessive spikes or low sugar levels can cause blurry vision.
  • In fact, blurred vision is one of the initial signs of diabetes.
  • When this condition stays for a long time in the patient with diabetes may lead to diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma, edema, hyperglycemia, etc.

Numbness or tingling in hands or feet

  • Excessive blood sugar levels can cause tingling and loss of sensations in hand or feet.


  • Highs and lows glucose levels in diabetic patients are known to be the first cause of fatigue.
  • Other factors that may also cause fatigue in people with diabetes include depression, inflammation, insomnia, kidney failure, medication side effects, sedentary lifestyle, not getting enough nutrition, and not taking meals on time.

Dry skin

  • People with diabetes have symptoms like frequent urination causes excessive fluid losses from the body.
  • Eventually, cause many problems to include dry skin.

Slow healing

  • Diabetes affects the body’s ability to produce and use insulin resulting in slow wound healing.
  • People with diabetes have a tendency to develop a small wound into an ulcer.
  • Foots are the most common places which get injured if left untreated ulcers can end up with amputation of body parts also.
  • To reduce the risk of complications, Its always been better for diabetic patients to take care of their wounds.
  • Apart from high blood sugar levels, poor blood circulation, neuropathy, immune system deficiency, infections, etc are also causes slow healing in diabetes patients.

More infections than usual

  • Inability to produce insulin and high blood sugar levels affect the immune system.
  • A decline in the immune system is noticed in patients with diabetes.
  • Weakness in the immune system affects bodies ability to fight bacteria eventually increases the risk of more infections than usual.
  • Extreme higher blood sugar levels also carry bacteria on sugar through bloodstreams.
  • In case of untreated infections leads to gangrene or sepsis. 

When to see a doctor?

Glucose is an important energy source requires for vital function in the body. It gives energy to muscles and tissues. Due to many causes like some imbalances, lifestyle changes, and many reasons, including too much sugar levels in the blood leads to severe health issues.

In most cases, the cause and type of diabetes vary from one patient to another. But if you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms of diabetes, suspect it, or earlier diagnosed with diabetes needed close medical follow-ups.

People with conditions such as prediabetes and gestational diabetes also need close follow-ups from the doctor. Prediabetes is a condition in which people have higher blood sugar levels than normal, but not high to be diagnosed with diabetes. This type of diabetes has the potential to reverse.


If symptoms of diabetes get worse along with time and progress into the cause of concern may lead to more serious complications.

Its always been better to promote long-term health and healing by eating a healthy balanced diet, staying active, quit smoking, try to have good nutrition through diet. Schedule a consultation to discuss gum surgery by the dentist in Greeneville to avoid periodontal diseases from aggravating diabetes further.

If you have any queries or notice any symptoms of diabetes – tingling, burning sensation in hand, feet, swelling, pain that never goes off, loss of sensation, poor wound healing, weak immune system, blurry vision, high blood sugar levels, obesity, neuropathy, nephropathy, etc. It’s always been better to consult the doctor.