Drug chemicals mainly involve the brain and disturb its operative capability. And the frequent supply of chemicals to the body eventually causes dependence. The brain loses complete control over the consumer’s actions and behaviors. Thus voluntary drug-taking turns into neurotic and reflex action. In the end, withdrawing is even more challenging, even if addicts encounter and understand the complications of their addiction. At this stage, addiction’s influence progresses to substance use disorder. 

Substance use disorder is a chronic dependency exhibiting several behavioral, psychic, and physiological complications. Addicts with substance use disorder suffer from several side effects and complications, such as panic attacks, hallucinations, violent attitudes, sleeplessness, anxiety, and depression. In severe cases, the condition even progresses to suicidal attempts. Thus treating such a condition requires a multifaceted treatment framework rather than a simple remedy. Specifically, effective treatment involves the cooperation and involvement of individuals, their families, and their surroundings, along with healthcare professionals. Similarly, it also takes into account the disorder’s complexity and severity. The following sections discuss some of the effective treatment options for substance use disorder.

  1. Cognitive-behavioral rehabilitation

Cognitive-behavioral rehabilitation usually takes place at specialized facilities offering comprehensive rehabilitation services. It is because patients with substance use disorder are generally at a critical stage of addiction. Therefore, they require continuous monitoring and treatment side by side. That is why rehabilitation centers like Serenity at Summit provide inpatient and residential care and other drug-specific rehabilitation services to deal with complicated cases effectively.

During the rehabilitation process, experts observe patients’ psychology and behavior. The personalized and joint examination enables them to identify the spectrum of addiction-related symptoms and their severity. It is how experts can suggest suitable treatment. In addition, they also teach patients to be observers of their conditions. Based on their temperaments, counselors guide patients on how they should perceive and react to addiction-related triggers and incidents. The counselors also suggest and scheme suitable coping techniques and skills to deal with addiction-related urges and control health-compromising behaviors.

  • Medication and detoxification

Medication and detoxification play a crucial role in treating mild to complicated addiction cases. For instance, the detoxification process excretes and filters out chemicals from the body using drug-specific detoxes. It is both a behavioral and medicinal approach. As such, antidepressants, opioid agonists, analgesic drugs cater to primary causes and coping skills to prevent the consumption of addictive substances. As a result, detoxification allows the body to slowly and naturally discard chemicals.

In addition, medics utilize a range of medicines to provide symptomatic treatment to substance abuse disorder and related healthcare complications. For instance, nicotine replacement therapy treats tobacco addiction using nicotine-based gums, sprays, pills, or inhalers. These alternatives only contain nicotine substances, preventing addicts from consuming several damaging chemicals. As a result, patients develop tolerance and control over their consciousness and decision-making. 

Similarly, naloxone medicine acts as an antidote for overdosed consumption of opioids, including heroin, codeine, oxycodone, morphine, and other opioids drugs. The antidote attaches to the nervous system’s receptors and blocks drug influence. As a result, patients gradually restore normal breathing and consciousness. Though naloxone provides effective recovery from an overdose, it cannot treat opioids disorder.

  • Behavioral counseling and therapy

Behavioral counseling is a noninvasive technique to alter addicts’ behaviors and persuade them to receive preventive addiction treatment. It involves several practices to keep addicts engaged in their treatment process, including punishment, reinforcement, intervention, and motivation. For instance, counselors motivate patients that addiction is a treatable ailment and requires their willingness to get rid of it. Similarly, addicts get rewards and appraisals if they follow the due course of treatment and punishment during dodging incidents. For instance, a complete and instant withdrawal from drug use can endanger addicts’ lives. Thus professionals utilize drugs in varying quantities to keep addicts on track. In contrast, professionally controlled consumption of drugs also acts as a reward.

Likewise, the community-based reinforcement technique involves patients in drug-free activities, such as recreation, vocational training, and social engagement. As a result, patients can connect to their surroundings, put off and avoid cravings, and acquire material skills and incentives. The main purpose of these activities is to expose addicts to the benefits of a drug-free lifestyle.

  • Group based supportive rehabilitation

In this approach, addicts receive counseling along with individuals struggling on the same journey. The approach also engages family members, social circles, and community services to provide holistic support and attention to the addicted individuals.

Furthermore, the approach utilizes traits of togetherness, harmony, and sympathy to enhance the participation of addicts during rehabilitation sessions. In this way, they are more open about their experiences with drugs, consequences, and the impact of the rehabilitation process. Frequent sessions and support of peers also enable addicts to transition from maladaptive practices to normal life. Since patients share and learn from each other, the approach can effectively minimize the likelihood of relapses. Thus supportive rehabilitation keeps withdrawal follows up and monitors whether patients are upholding abstinence or drifting away. Similarly, experts also utilize family members’ feedback on patients’ condition, addiction status, and abstinence maintenance.

  • Matrix model rehabilitation

This approach takes into account several treatment alternatives to manage and treat complications of substance use disorder. It is a holistic framework that involves medication, counseling, training, and observation. It facilitates withdrawal and aims to prevent relapses by eliminating addiction-promoting causes, such as existing psychological, physiological, and emotional instability and diseases. 

Similarly, the model identifies and minimizes environmental, social, domestic, and professional pressures by engaging patients’ intimate and social relationships. For instance, your psychotherapist will suggest quitting stressful work if it facilities drug abuse and addiction. Most importantly, the model encourages addicts to participate in the treatment process and monitors their compliance using different means. As such, family members keep an eye on whether patients are taking medicines and utilizing coping techniques or not. 

Likewise, clinical testing, such as urine tests, enables experts to observe additional drug intake and residue amounts of chemicals in the body. Nonetheless, the model incorporates several rehabilitative approaches, including cognitive, behavioral, motivational, and relapse management, to devise an effective and lasting antidote.

Conclusion

Getting rid of substance use disorder is a tiring and long-term process that requires sustained efforts. It is an intensive rehabilitative process that engages patients in active treatment, abstinence maintenance, and relapse prevention. Eventually, it aims to transform their perceptions about their lives free from addiction. Hence, it is a journey that requires patients, their families, and society to reorient their focus towards a constructive and drug-free lifestyle.