Most people don’t know that teeth are incapable of healing themselves. That’s why dentists keep reminding us about dental hygiene and scheduling regular checkups to protect our teeth from damage due to cavities.

Sometimes, we experience accidents that also damage our teeth. You should never ignore them, or they might get worse and more difficult to treat.

 What Is Dental Trauma 

Any injury to your mouth, teeth, jawbone, lips, and tongue is called dental trauma. They are often severely painful and need immediate treatment. Their severity will depend on whether it’s treatable in a dental office or will need a trip to an emergency room.

Go to the dentist immediately upon experiencing dental trauma; you have a better chance of restoring your teeth to their original condition without needing expensive procedures if you visit the dentist as soon as possible.

 Common Causes of Dental Trauma 

Most cases of dental injury are due to accidents. This includes falls, vehicle collisions, and sports. Some cases are caused by violent incidents, such as fighting and physical abuse.

 How To Manage Different Types of Dental Trauma 

An injury to the gums or teeth can lead to serious dental emergencies that should not be ignored. Neglecting to treat a dental issue can lead to permanent damage and more expensive treatment.

Here are some of the common types of dental trauma and how to manage them:

 Broken or Chipped Teeth 

Keep any broken pieces. Use warm water to rinse your mouth and any broken pieces. Place gauze on the affected area if there’s bleeding for about ten minutes or until it stops bleeding. To reduce swelling or pain, you can also place a cold compress on your cheeks, lips, or mouth near the broken or damaged tooth. Visit your dentist as soon as you can.

  Knocked-out Tooth

Find the tooth and hold it by the crown, not by its roots. Wash the root with clean water if necessary, but do not rub the root or pull off any attached tissue.

Place the tooth back into its original place. Make sure it’s facing the right direction, and do not forcefully set it in its socket. Otherwise, keep the tooth in your mouth or a cup of milk while heading to the dentist.

Get to the dentist as soon as possible; you have a higher chance of saving a knocked-out tooth if you see them within an hour of it getting knocked out.

 Partially Dislodged (Extruded) Tooth 

Call your dentist immediately, and apply a cold compress on the area around the tooth to relieve the pain until you get to your dentist. You can also take over-the-counter pain relievers like Tylenol and Advil if necessary.

 Objects Caught Between Teeth 

Use dental floss to gently remove the object, or visit your dentist to help remove it if you can’t get it out. Avoid using a pin or anything sharp to remove the object stuck between your teeth; they might damage your teeth or cut your gums.

 Soft-tissue Injuries

Injured soft tissues like the lips, cheeks, tongue, and gums can bleed. To stop the bleeding: 

  1. Use mild salt water to rinse your mouth.
  2. Apply pressure to the area with a strip of gauze or a damp tea bag. Keep it in place for at least 15-20 minutes or until it stops bleeding.
  3. Hold a cold compress on your mouth or cheek near the affected area to relieve some pain and control the bleeding.
  4. Visit your dentist of South Pasadena or a hospital emergency room immediately if the bleeding continues. Keep pressing down on the bleeding area until you are treated.

 How To Prevent Dental Trauma 

Sometimes, accidents happen, but they can be prevented. Some of the ways you can prevent dental trauma include:

  • Wear a seat belt, regardless of how long your trip will be. Put children in their car seats and make sure they are secured.
  • Check for dangers in your home that can increase the chances of dental trauma.
  • Childproof your home. Prevent trips and falls by placing baby gates on stairs and pads on table corners and edges.
  • Use a mouth guard, especially if you’re an athlete involved in contact sports like boxing, wrestling, and football.

 Key Takeaway 

Any injury to your mouth is called dental trauma. They are caused by many things like falls, sports, vehicles, and physical abuse. Some of the most common dental traumas include broken or chipped teeth, toothaches, things getting stuck between teeth, knocked-out teeth, and soft tissue injury. You can manage them at home, but you’ll always have better chances of recovering if you visit a dentist immediately.

Accidents happen, but you can always avoid them. Always wear a seat belt, and check for anything that can increase the risk of dental injuries at home. If you have kids, childproof your home, and wear a mouth guard if you’re an athlete who plays contact sports.

Reference:Handling Dental Emergencies | webmd.com