Principle of calibration

Suppose we reduce the notion of pressure gauge calibration to the most basic form. In that case, we may state that when we recalibrate a pressure gauge, we supply a known correct pressure input, read the gauge’s signal, and then document and compare the results. The disparity between the figures is the error, which should be less than the gauge’s specified accuracy.

What is the definition of pressure?

Let’s take a brief look at a few more fundamental principles before we go through each factor to consider while calibrating pressure gauges.

The force perpendicular to the surface divided by the area it affects is known as pressure. So, p = F / A, pressure equals force per area.

There are many different pressure units used across the world, which may be rather confusing at times. According to the SI system, the technical unit for pressure is Pascal (Pa), defined as a force of one Newton per square meter area (1 Pa = 1 N / m2). Pascal is most commonly used with coefficients such as hecto, kilo, and mega because it is a tiny unit.

Pressure can be measured with digital manometers at anyplace. They don’t require leveled surfaces to give accurate readings, so they don’t need non-metric fluids.

What is the best way to calibrate a pressure sensor?

This is comparable to how a pressure gauge is calibrated.

Follow steps 1 through 5 of the pressure gauge calibration method. The output of the pressure sensor is measured because there is no display with a pressure sensor. A separate power source may be required depending on the configuration of the pressure sensor and your calibration equipment, such as liquid-filled pressure gauge suppliers. In general, if the output is 4 to 20 mA and you’re using a contemporary multifunction calibrator like a Fluke 725 or similar, the sensor will be powered as well.

  1. Following the assembly specifications, attach your calibrator/current meter and power supply as needed for the pressure sensor during the test.
  2. To scale the output, you’ll need to get the 4 mA and 20 mA points from the sensor’s instruction manual/specification datasheet. If you’re calibrating a 100 bar gauge, the 4mA will very certainly be zero, and the 20 mA will almost certainly be 100 bar.
  3. Calculate the additional calibration points, which are typically 8, 12, and 16 mA, or 25, 50, and 75 bar in this case.
  4. Follow steps 1 through 5 of the pressure gauge calibration method.

Procedure for calibrating a pressure gauge

  1. Prepare the calibration equipment you’ve chosen, like the liquid-filled pressure gauge suppliers, and double-check that it’s set up correctly according to the manufacturer’s instructions. If you’re utilizing a master test gauge, be sure it fulfills the gauge’s accuracy standards. This gauge should be 3 to 5 times more precise than the one being tested. Keep in mind that both the reference gauges and the pressure gauges you’ll be calibrating are often indicated as a percentage of full scale with liquid-filled pressure gauge suppliers.
  2. Check that the pressure medium you’re using is compatible with the gauge you’re testing. An oxygen service gauge, for example, should never be calibrated with oil since this would result in an explosion!
  3. Install the gauge on the calibration rig in the same orientation as it would be in regular operation. This is especially true for mechanical gauges with large diameters and low pressure.
  4. Give maximum pressure three times to the gauge under test to exercise the mechanical mechanism or strain gauge with liquid-filled pressure gauge suppliers.
  5. Apply three or more rising pressures. However, five is preferable. Record the reading from the gauge that is being tested and the reading from a reference gauge if one is available. Rep same forces, but this time with lower pressure. Any hysteresis in the mechanics or electronics can be seen in the growing versus decreasing pressures.

Why do you need to calibrate your pressure gauge?

Pressure gauges are getting more robust and precise in recent years, although their accuracy diminishes over time. When a pressure gauge starts to wander, it’s a sign that something is wrong. Drift refers to the instruments gradually becoming less accurate than they were when they were first certified. The higher the quality, like with most things, the longer it will endure. As a result, WIKA pressure gauges are likely to be more accurate right out of the box than their competitors.

Nonetheless, gauges must be calibrated regularly to continue providing correct readings with liquid-filled pressure gauge suppliers. Calibration of pressure gauges is frequently advised before installation, as part of a preventative maintenance program, during shutdowns, and during yearly ISO audits.

Pressure gauge calibration can be done in two ways with the help of liquid-filled pressure gauge suppliers. A factory or local service partner calibration, which includes a traceable calibration certificate, is an option where your gauge will be thoroughly re-linearized according to official rules. On a vessel or facility, onsite pressure gauge calibration can also be done by hand.


Various liquid-filled pressure gauge suppliers provide you with a variety of pressure gauges. A pressure gauge is an instrument that detects the intensity of fluid, gas, water, or steam in a pressure-powered machine to verify that there are no leaks or pressure variations that might impact the system’s operation. Pressure systems are made to work within a certain range of pressures. Any divergence from the allowed standards might have a significant impact on the system’s operation. Pressure gauges have been around for almost a century and are still changing to meet the demands of new applications. As more and more pressure systems become operational, pressure gauges have become a need.