Seizure and burns are two different unrelated medical emergencies. Though seizures may lead to a victim getting burned most of the time both stand-alone and as such require different first aid responses.
In this post, you will be learning the first aid required for seizures and burns. And if you want to become knowledgeable and skilled about first aid best practices, get First Aid Course Experts.
What Is Seizure?
Seizure is a condition that occurs due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain. This leads to convulsion or uncontrollable muscular activity and loss of consciousness. There are different types of seizures, while some may be mild, others can be severe.
Seizure most of the time involves violent jerking of the limbs, a contortion of the face, and foaming in the mouth. Seizures could last for a few minutes and it is believed that at least 1 out of 10 people will experience seizures in their life.
Sign And Symptoms Of Seizure
Seizures are mostly linked with epilepsy, but in some conditions, they are not a result of epilepsy. Below is the sign of a seizure;
- Uncontrolled movement or jerking and twitching of the face and limbs.
- Foaming in the mouth due to saliva trying to pass through clenched teeth.
- Sudden loss of consciousness.
- Loss of control of bladder or bowel movements.
- Sudden changes in the color of the skin and the lips may turn either purple or blue.
- Flushed dry skin for a child having a feverish convulsion.
First Aid For Seizures
- Ease the person to the floor if they are in a sitting position.
- Gently turn the person to one side which will allow them to breathe properly.
- Clear the immediate area surrounding the person to avoid hazardous materials injuring them.
- Place something soft and flat like a padded cloth or folder jacket to cushion the effect of the violent jerking.
- Remove or loosen eyeglasses, ties, or anything around their neck which may constrict their lung and affect breathing.
- Stay with the victim till they come around and help them sit in a very comfortable place. Afterward, tell them what happened in clear terms.
- If the seizures last more than five minutes, call emergency services.
First Aid For Burns
Burns are different depending on how the skin is affected, which are first-degree burns affecting the first layer of the skin, second-degree burns are burns affecting the top two layers of the skin, and third-degree burns are those that require prompt medical treatment.
General First Aid For All Burns
- Put out the source of the burn, these include putting out the fire or stopping the contact of the victim with hot liquid, steam, or other material causing the burn.
- Remove any material on the victim’s body that may cause burn and also the hot or burned clothing. In the instances where the clothing sticks to the skin, cut or tear around it to loosen the area affected.
- Take off any jewelry, belts, or tight clothing that is constrictive because burns tend to swell quickly.
First Aid For First-Degree And Second-Degree Burns
- Immerse the burned skin under cool running water until the pain subsides. You can also make use of compresses if running water is not available. Make sure you cool the burn.
- Cover the affected area with a non-adhesive bandage or clean clothing and secured properly with gauze or tape.
- Do not apply butter, oil, lotions, or creams to the affected area which can lead to infection. Make use of petroleum-based ointment alone twice or thrice daily.
- Give the victim pain medication to reduce the pain.
- Prevent the victim from going into shock by raising the affected area above heart level if attainable. Lay the person flat and elevate their feet about 12 inches high. Then cover them with a blanket or coat.
- See a doctor immediately to check if the burns are infected and administer relevant medications.
First Aid For Third Degree Burns
- Call emergency service.
- Protect the burn area while covering loosely with a sterile non-adhesive bandage or making use of a sheet or other material that wouldn’t leave a lint for larger burn areas.
- Separate burned toes and fingers with dry sterile dressings.
- Do not immerse the affected area under water or apply any ointment on the same as this may lead to infection.
- Prevent the victim from entering shock by laying them flat, elevating the feet about 12 inches high, and raising the burnt area above heart level.
- Get the victim covered with a coat or blanket. Ensure that a victim with facial burn isn’t allowed to lay down but should sit up. Also, the head of a victim with an airway burn shouldn’t be raised or supported by a pillow as this may close the airway leading to suffocation.
- Check for pulse and breathing till Doctors come to ensure that the victim doesn’t slip into shock.