In this article, Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, a leading IVF doctor, who works in one of the TopIVF centers in Mumbai, talks about “what is Male Infertility and what are the Diagnosis and Treatments available for it?”

Dr. Hrishikesh Pai is widely recognized as one of India’s foremost experts in In-vitro fertilization (IVF). Obstetrics, gynecology, and infertility are areas of competence in which he has more than 35 years of experience, and he has done hundreds of cases in these departments. During that time, he has worked as an IVF expert, gynecologist, an obstetrician-gynecologist in his own private practice.

1 in every 7 couples is infertile, which means they have been unable to conceive even after having frequent, unprotected sexual encounters for a year or longer, according to research. Male infertility may play a role in up to half of these couples, at the very least in part.

It is possible for male infertility to be caused by inadequate sperm production, impaired or non-functional sperm, or obstructions that prevent sperm from being delivered. Male infertility can be caused by a variety of circumstances including illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices, and other factors.

Inability to create a child can be a stressful and unpleasant experience, but there are a variety of treatments available to help men conceive a child.


According to Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, one of the best IVF specialists in MumbaiMany infertile couples suffer from more than one cause of infertility, so it’s possible that you and your partner will need to see a specialist together. It may be necessary to do a variety of tests in order to determine the cause of infertility. In some circumstances, the root reason is never discovered.

Infertility tests can be expensive, and they may or may not be covered by insurance; check with your health insurance provider to see what is covered.

Male infertility problems are typically diagnosed by doing the following tests:

A general physical examination, as well as a medical history, are performed. A genital examination and questioning about any genetic conditions, chronic health problems, illnesses, injuries, or operations that may have occurred in the past will be conducted as part of this process. It is possible that your doctor will inquire about your sexual activities as well as your sexual development during puberty.

Analyze the sperm. In order to get sperm samples, one can choose from a variety of options. You can deliver a sample in the doctor’s office by masturbating and ejaculating into a particular container provided by the doctor.

Some men choose an alternative form of sperm collecting due to religious or cultural beliefs, while others do not. When this occurs, a special condom can be used to capture the sperm during the course of the relationship.

Once your sperm has been collected, it is submitted to a laboratory for analysis to determine the amount of sperm present as well as any abnormalities in the shape (morphology) or movement (motility) of the sperm. In addition, the laboratory will examine your sperm for indicators of abnormalities such as infections.

The number of sperm in a specimen can vary dramatically from one specimen to the next. Several semen analysis tests are usually performed over a period of time to guarantee that correct results are obtained. Depending on the results of your sperm study, your doctor will likely prescribe complete testing of your female spouse before proceeding with any additional male infertility tests notes  Dr. Hrishikesh Pai a premium IVF specialist in Mumbai.


In many cases, the exact cause of infertility cannot be determined. Even if the specific cause of your infertility is not known, your doctor may be able to propose therapies or procedures that will result in pregnancy.

When a couple is experiencing infertility, it is recommended that the female partner be examined as well. It’s possible that your partner will need specialized care as well. Alternatively, you may discover that proceeding with assisted reproductive procedures is the best course of action in your situation.

The following are examples of male infertility treatments:


A varicocele, for example, can typically be surgically rectified, and an obstructed vas deferens can often be treated. Vasectomy procedures performed in the past can be reversed. In circumstances where no sperm are present in the ejaculate, sperm can typically be obtained directly from the testicles or epididymis utilizing sperm retrieval procedures, which are quite simple to perform.

Treating Infections

Antibiotic treatment may be effective in curing an infection of the reproductive system, but it does not necessarily result in the restoration of fertility.

Treatments for difficulties during a sexual encounter

Patients with issues such as erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation may benefit from medication or counseling to increase their fertility.

Hormone therapies and medicines

In cases when infertility is caused by high or low levels of specific hormones, or by difficulties with the way the body uses hormones, your doctor may offer hormone replacement or medication.

Assisted reproductive technology (ART)

It is a term that refers to the use of technology to assist in the reproduction of a child (ART). It is possible to collect sperm through normal sexual activity, surgical extraction, or donor individuals as part of an assisted reproductive technology (ART) therapy, depending on your personal situation and wishes.

Once the sperm have been successfully placed into the female vaginal canal, the sperm can be used for in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection says  Dr. Hrishikesh Pai a top IVF doctor in Mumbai.