In the field of dentistry, there is such a position as a surgeon, which means that there are a number of different tooth diseases like calculus bridge and other tooth diseases that are treated only by surgical intervention. What kind of diseases are these and is it possible to avoid visiting the surgeon’s office at certain stages?

Cyst of the roots of the teeth

This problem is a bladder containing a fluid that is mostly dead bacteria. A cyst or granuloma often enlarges to 0.4 centimeters. Often in a severely neglected case, she begins to grow, and she does it very rapidly. Many people believe that this pathology does not entail any serious complications, however, if this small problem is not treated, it can develop into a very large problem, for example, a cancerous tumor.

This disease occurs in a large number of cases as a result of the formation of bacteria in the root canals of the tooth. 


There are some other reasons for the formation of this tumor: 

  • a complication of a chronic disease of the maxillary sinuses; 
  • inflammatory processes under the crown; 
  • after a difficult eruption of wisdom teeth; 
  • tooth injury.

The main problem with this disease is the late onset of tumor symptoms. Most often, they appear already when the cyst reaches an impressive size.


The main symptoms: 

  • The appearance of a pimple on the gums; 
  • the appearance of gumboil; 
  • increased body temperature, general malaise of the body, weakness; 
  • mild pain when eating or an unpleasant feeling in the gum area.

Impacted tooth

Tooth retention is a delay in the further growth of teeth after the period of eruption; this often manifests itself during the germination of wisdom teeth. Rarely inflamed in young patients who have acquired only baby teeth.

There are only two types – full and partial retention.

The first is a completely closed gum tooth that cannot be seen in the mouth without the help of an X-ray. With complete retention, it can even be covered with a dense layer of bone. In another case of retention, the tooth is not completely erupted.


The reasons for the appearance can be of a completely different nature:

  • depletion of the body as a result of infectious diseases; 
  • chronic systemic diseases; 
  • improper nutrition of infants; 
  • delay in changing milk teeth; 
  • pathological changes in the jaw; 
  • early extraction of milk teeth; 
  • too thick gums; 
  • the incorrect inclination of the germ of teeth; 
  • loose submucosal; heredity.


Symptoms characteristic of tooth retention:

  • complete or partial absence of a tooth; 
  • swelling of the gums; 
  • severe redness of the gums; 
  • temperature increase; 
  • malaise.


Treatment is strictly individual for a person. If the tooth is in the wrong position, then such a tooth is removed. If the tooth is positioned and formed in the correct way, a professional will carry out complete removal of the hood. However, in more frequent cases, the tooth must be removed, which avoids some problems.

Granuloma on the roots of the teeth

This tumor looks like a cyst, but here the contents of the cyst are pus. This is a fairly common and unsafe disease. The complexity of pathology manifests itself in the fact that it does not show any external signs, but at the same time it has the ability to adversely affect human health. Granuloma can also cause infertility in women.


Symptoms of such pathology may not manifest themselves for a long time:

  • darkening of the tooth enamel; 
  • swelling of the gums; 
  • temperature increase; 
  • pain when eating.


There are many cases when a granuloma is diagnosed completely by accident by a dentist, usually in the picture. For prevention purposes, doctors give the same advice as for other diseases of the oral cavity.


Granuloma is directly related to other pathologies. Usually occurs due to untreated pulpitis or caries, poor treatment of caries can also cause this disease of the oral cavity.


If the granuloma is detected at an early stage, it is possible to cure it, preserving the healthy part of the tooth. But with the surgical method of eliminating the problem, the doctor dissects the gum and completely removes the pus.

Maxillary (maxillary) sinus perforation

The disease is formed as a result of undergoing any procedures in dentistry. Most often this occurs as a result of tooth extraction, insertion of dental implants, and crown resection. In the case of tooth extraction, pathology is formed as a result of non-compliance with medical tactics or due to anatomical features.

Symptoms of perforation

  • nosebleeds; 
  • the formation of “nasal”; 
  • air bubbles in the blood released from the tooth socket; 
  • purulent discharge from the nose; 
  • breathing disorder; 
  • unbearable pain in the maxillary sinus; 
  • symptoms of intoxication.


Without the help of surgery, treatment is allowed only if the problem is formed by the extraction of the tooth. In such cases, a special gauze swab soaked in iodine is inserted into the lower part of the hole. At the same time, the doctor recommends a course of prevention, which prevents the development of inflammation.

Wisdom teeth

Basically, wisdom teeth or “eights” begin to grow in the period from 16 to 25 years. Symptoms can be completely different, or they can be completely absent. 


The most common symptoms are:

  • aching pain in the jaw; 
  • pain when swallowing; 
  • swollen gums; 
  • the presence of a hood.

“Eights”, like the rest of the teeth, grow and erupt without problems. But it is worth considering the fact that this happens at a time when the jaw begins to narrow somewhat in size. The later the teeth erupt, the more problems can arise.


Wisdom teeth are sometimes very painful to erupt. To reduce this pain, rinse your mouth with a solution of baking soda and salt. You can not apply a heating pad to the cheeks, and also warm them in other similar ways. Thanks to the heat, the infection spreads more quickly to nearby tissues, which causes bone suppuration. To reduce pain, you can take a special drug with an analgesic effect (ketorolac, analgin).

Not all diseases and defects of the oral cavity are treated surgically. Considering the above, many diseases have very similar symptoms. The best solution, if you have one of them, would be to see a doctor immediately. Need a recommendation? You can seek dental expertise from the Dentist in rockefeller center.

Explore More Similar Topics: How to Deal With Tooth Abscess: 6 Dentist Tips