When you hear the word cancer you involuntarily get scared of it because we all know cancer is the deadliest disease of all to date. For ages, scientists and doctors are trying to find the cure for this disease. They have come a long way with their methods but unfortunately, there is no guaranteed technique to cure cancer.
What does cancer does to our body? Consider a healthy working human body system, with all the cells working cordially to perform essential life functions. But what if these cells start to misbehave and not work in coordination? Well, this is what happens when cells in our body divide at an aggressive level which results in the formation of tumors.
When we look for the causes of cancer, we get to know that there is no single cause for any one type of cancer. Several factors can lead to such a deadly disease. Both external and internal factors affect the growth and development of cancerous cells inside our bodies. Many of the times it gets difficult to identify what is wrong inside our body. We may think of fatigue as a normal sign of tiredness throughout the day but it can be more than that.
It is important to have a close eye on how our body is reacting to certain situations. Identifying the symptoms can be a benefit when you are dealing with cancer. The quicker you get to know that something unusual is happening, the quicker you can treat it and hope for it to work. To help with the identification, we are forced to rely on some diagnostic methods such as:
- Lab tests
- Imaging procedure
Cancer is treatable but we cannot say we are successful at searching for the cure for it. There are numerous treatment methods nowadays such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery, and biologic therapy.
Radiotherapy involves the killing of cells with radiation. It is given in many small doses every day. One such type of radiotherapy is proton therapy; this technique uses high-energy beams to destroy the cancerous tumors inside the body. Proton therapy hospitals in India is working to their full extent to deliver treatment to patients with cancer. This procedure is quite effective and the patient can experience some side effects such as hair loss, nausea, tiredness, etc. When it comes to proton therapy cost India is ahead of many countries in providing the best service in their hospitals at a reasonable rate.
Not only radiotherapy but chemotherapy is also an effective method to treat cancer. The difference between these two therapies is that radiotherapy uses radiation to kill the uncontrollably growing cancer cells whereas chemotherapy kills them with the help of drugs. These drugs interfere with the growth and division of the cells in the body. But similar to radiotherapy, this has side effects too. Some of the common side effects experienced by the patients are:
- Hair loss